Differences between psychotherapy and counselling

Counselling and psychotherapy are often seen as interchangeable mental health services that overlap in a number of ways. Counselling in specific situations can be part of the psychotherapeutic process; at the same time, the counsellor can work with clients in a psychotherapeutic way.

The key difference between the two courses of therapeutic treatment through speech is the recommended time needed to see the benefits. Counselling is usually relatively short-term and in most cases focuses on patterns of behavior. Psychotherapy, on the other hand, is longer in duration and seeks to achieve change in the client by reaching insight into his emotional problems and difficulties, or in other words - a new look and a qualitatively new understanding. Successful psychotherapy leads to greater awareness and deeper self-understanding.

Counselling helps people identify current problems and crises and encourages them to take positive steps to resolve them.

This is the best course of therapeutic treatment for anyone who already has some understanding of their mental well-being and who is able to resolve the problems on their own.

Counselling is a short-term process that encourages the change of behavior.

Psychotherapy helps people with psychological problems that have built up over the course of a long period of time.

Psychotherapy is a longer-term process of treatment that identifies emotional issues and the background to problems and difficulties.

Source: http://www.thecounsellorsguide.co.uk/difference-between-counselling-psychotherapy.html


Counselling has a more specifically defined goal, while in psychotherapy the goal can be more generally delineated.

Примери за формулировка на проблема, подходящ за третиране чрез консултиране:

  • To give up bad habits and start living a healthier lifestyle
  • To become more successful in my professional development
  • To normalize the relationship with my ex-wife

Примери за формулировка на проблема, подходящ за третиране чрез психотерапия:

  • To cope with the anxiety that prevents me from enjoying my life
  • To overcome my fears triggered by certain situations
  • To get rid of the dismal thoughts that overwhelm me
  • To create stable and long-term relationships/ partner relationships